M.Elizabeth Chemistry 2010-2011
Spring Semester  January 4 - January 24
States of Matter - Kinetic Molecular Theory and Gases   
Chapter 13 and 14 in textbook
- GUHS Kinetic Theory & Gases SG word
- Bellringers word
- Textbook Chapter 13 Kinetic Theory ppt
- Textbook Chapter 13/14 States of Matter ppt
- Textbook Chapter 14 Gases  ppt    Outline pdf
- Gases ppt    Notes word  
- Ideal Gases
ppt     Combined Laws ppt
- Gases KMVPT ppt
- States of Matter ppt
- Kinetic Energy/Combined Gas Laws ppt
- Solid Liquid Gas pdf    Phase Diagram pdf
- Gas Law notes pdf

Gas Boyle's Law Demo
Gas Charles Law Balloon
Gas Liquid Nitrogen

>>  Temperature Conversion Practice word
>>  Temp. Conversions Practice 2 pdf
>>   Pressure Conversion Practice word
>>   Kinetic energy and Gas Law notes  word
>>   Kinetic Energy Questions word
>>   Boyle's Law Practice word
>>   Charles' Law Practice  word
>>   Gas Graphing Laws word  Graphing and Kinetic Theory word    Graphing Descriptive Terms word
>>   Combined Gas Law Practice word
>>   Ideal Gas Law Practice word
>>   Gases and Stoichometry
>>   Mixed Gas Laws word
>>   Vocabulary Practice
Online Resources (Web Sites)
- Thall's History of Gas Laws
- NASA's Animated Gas Lab
- Virtual Lab Kinetic Molecular Theory
- Ideal Gas Law ChemTour         Kinetic Molecular Theory ChemTour        Dalton's Partial Pressure ChemTour
- Interactive Excel Spreadsheets for General Chemistry
- Practice Questions on-line link
- Phase Diagrams Interpretation link
- Phase Changes Virtual Experiments link
Chapter 13 Gas Pressure and Phase Diagrams
Students know the random motion of molecules and their collisions with a surface create the observable pressure on that
surface.  Students know the random motion of molecules explains the diffusion of gases.

Chapter 14 (1/20/11 - 2/14/11)
Students know how to apply the gas laws to relations between the pressure, temperature, and volume of any amount of an ideal
gas or any mixture of ideal gases.  Partial Pressure calculations
Boyle's Law, Charles Law, Guy Lussac's Law, Combined Gas Law and Ideal Gas Law                         

Boyle's Law:   P1V1  =  P2V2

Charles' Law:  
V1  =  V2
                     T1      T2

Gay-Lussac’s Law:
P1 =  P2
                           T1    T2

Combined Gas Law:   
P1V1  =  P2V2
                                 T1         T2

Ideal Gas Law relating moles (n):  PV = nRT where R is the gas constant

Students know the values and meanings of standard temperature and pressure (STP) = O degree Celsius and 1 atmosphere
Students know how to convert between the Celsius and Kelvin temperature scales.
Students know there is no temperature lower than 0 degree Kelvin = Absolute Zero.
Animation to show gas laws in action
The graph below shows how vapor
pressure increases at
temperature increases for
several different substances.  
Since different liquids have
different intermolecular forces
(IMF), at the same temperature,
liquid have different vapor
pressures.  The greater the IMF,
the liquid, thus the lower the
vapor pressure.  From this graph,
we can see that water have the
greatest IMF, followed by ethyl
alcohol and diethyl ether.  From
the structures of the three
substances given below, you should
be able to rationalize the ranking
of IMF for the three substances.
NASA Virtual Gas Lab
Up, Up, and Away my beautiful baloon.....
Absolute Zero Nova Video Link
NASA Propulsion Activity word
Link to Atoms in Motion Program
Atoms in Motion Activity word