Grant Joint Union High School District Key Concepts

7. Investigation and Experimentation (throughout the school year)
  1. Students will use the scientific method to analyze and interpret situations and
    solve problems using knowledge developed from more than one area of science.
  2. Students will use appropriate tools and technology to develop and perform
  3. Students will recognize the cumulative nature of scientific evidence.
  4. Students will investigate science-based societal issues.
  5. Students will formulate explanations using logic and evidence.

Note: The abbreviation CCS stands for California Content Standards referenced below.
California Standards
Investigation & Experimentation - Grades 9 to 12
Science Content Standards.

1.Scientific progress is made by asking meaningful questions and conducting careful
investigations. As a basis for understanding this concept and addressing the content in
the other four strands, students should develop their own questions and perform
investigations. Students will:
  1. Select and use appropriate tools and technology (such as computer-linked probes,
    spreadsheets, and graphing calculators) to perform tests, collect data, analyze
    relationships, and display data.
  2. Identify and communicate sources of unavoidable experimental error.
  3. Identify possible reasons for inconsistent results, such as sources of error or
    uncontrolled conditions.
  4. Formulate explanations by using logic and evidence.
  5. Solve scientific problems by using quadratic equations and simple trigonometric,
    exponential, and logarithmic functions.
  6. Distinguish between hypothesis and theory as scientific terms.
  7. Recognize the usefulness and limitations of models and theories as scientific
    representations of reality.
  8. Read and interpret topographic and geologic maps.
  9. Analyze the locations, sequences, or time intervals that are characteristic of
    natural phenomena (e.g., relative ages of rocks, locations of planets over time, and
    succession of species in an ecosystem).
  10. Recognize the issues of statistical variability and the need for controlled tests.
  11. Recognize the cumulative nature of scientific evidence.
  12. Analyze situations and solve problems that require combining and applying concepts
    from more than one area of science.
  13. Investigate a science-based societal issue by researching the literature,
    analyzing data, and communicating the findings. Examples of issues include
    irradiation of food, cloning of animals by somatic cell nuclear transfer, choice of
    energy sources, and land and water use decisions in California.
  14. Know that when an observation does not agree with an accepted scientific theory,
    the observation is sometimes mistaken or fraudulent (e.g., the Piltdown Man fossil
    or unidentified flying objects) and that the theory is sometimes wrong (e.g., the
    Ptolemaic model of the movement of the Sun, Moon, and planets).  
Unit 1: Experimentation and Investigation Unit Standards Yearlong Course Outline  Semester Course